People have two eyelids. Your pet has a third protective eyelid at the inner corner of each of its eye. This eyelid sweeps across the eyeball to moisten it or to remove dirt, when needed.
Conjunctivitis is inflammation of the conjunctiva–the tissue that covers the eyeball and lines the eyelids and third eyelid. It can affect one eye or both.
The most common cause is bacterial or viral infections. Kittens can have an infection even before their eyes open.
Other causes include:
Your veterinarian will first rule out other conditions like a foreign object in eye, blocked tear duct or glaucoma. Then, the veterinarian will likely do the following:
To treat conjunctivitis, it is essential to first determine the cause. Treatment may include:
Most cats respond quickly to medication. To avoid a relapse, it is important to give your pet the medications for as long as your veterinarian prescribes.
You can prevent relapses in a number of ways. Try to minimize stress, to keep your cat on a nutritious diet with plenty of fluids. Your veterinarian may suggest that you vaccinate your cat against conditions that can cause conjunctivitis.
There is generally a great prognosis for conjunctivitis.
Occasionally, the underlying cause is not curable, but you can usually keep conjunctivitis in check and your pet can live comfortably.
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